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Karpathos is one of those places to have preserved the same name ever since the time of Homer, hence the certainty that this place has always made a difference, a fact all the better corroborated by a mere reference to the Minoan and Mycenaean tombs as well as to the unearthed remains of settlements dating from the 2d Millennium BC, much frequented by antiquity-avid tourists.


  Subsequent to its conquest by the Dorians (circa 1000 BC), the island was given the alternative name of Tetrapolis, a name suggesting the existence of four (tetara in Dorian Greek) cities on it. Interestingly, the names of certain of those settlements have survived to this day: Arkesia (near the site of the actual township of Arkassa), Vrykous (currently Vrikounta), Nissyros (the Saria island), Possideion a.k.a. Potidaeon (currently referred to as Pigadia). Later on, during Classical and further into the Hellenistic period, Karpathos would inevitably follow the fate of Greece as a whole. In the year 42 BC it came under Roman rule, a condition that remained unchanged until Byzantium became the new ruler.
Corsair raids terrified dwellers of the coastal settlements, who chose to resettle in highest areas. An example of such resettlement is the Byzantine township of Olympos still on foot and very much alive today.
The Byzantine rule is followed by several centuries of successive slavery: first came the Genovese, succeeded by the Knights of the Order of St. John, the Venetians and last the Ottomans.
The Greek Uprising for Independence from the Ottoman Rule in brought temporary freedom, before the island was once again handed over to the Ottoman Empire by virtue of a Treaty (1830). In 1912, the island came under Italian rule, a condition preserved until after World War II, when the island officially became part of the Greek territory.
  Karpathos (also known as Pigadia) :
This is the capital town as well as the main port of the island, its location coinciding with that of the ancient Potidaeo or Posseidaeon. At the entrance to the port, there raises the rock bearing the remains of the citadel. All around the vestiges, there is a multitude of traditional homes - possibly the most dense collection of them in this area. Carved in the mountain slopes there are the villages of Menetes, Othos and Volada. Underneath the village of Volada, there lies the picrturesque settlement of Aperi. There are 1700 people dwelling in Pigadia.
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